The United Artists Media Group (UAMG), formerly known as United Artists Corporation (UA), is an American film and television entertainment company. The original studio using the name "United Artists" was founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin,Mary Pickford, andDouglas Fairbanks, with the intention of controlling their own interests rather than depending upon the powerful commercial studios. The previous United Artists formed in November 2006 under a partnership between producer/actor Tom Cruise and his production partner, Paula Wagner, and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Paula Wagner left the studio on August 14, 2008. Cruise owned a small stake in the studio until late 2011. In 2014, MGM acquired controlling interest in Mark Burnett and Roma Downey's entertainment companies, resulting in another relaunch of United Artists.